The BIRMINGHAM CIVIL RIGHTS DISTRICT is an area of downtown where several significant events in the American Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s took place. The district was designated by the City of Birmingham in 1992 and covers a six‐block area. Sites of note within the district include: The 16th Street Baptist Church, a National Landmark, where the students involved in the 1963 Children's Campaign were trained and left in groups of 50 to march on City Hall, and where four young African American girls were killed and 22 churchgoers were injured in a bombing on September 15, 1963; Kelly Ingram Park, where many protests by blacks were held, often resulting in violence by Birmingham police, including the famous 1963 scenes of policemen turning back young protesters with fire hoses and police dogs; The Fourth Avenue Business District, where much of the city's black businesses and entertainment venues were located. This Trail District #1 includes Routes A.B.C.D.E., where more than 35 sites are recognized by the National Register of Historic Places as culturally significant to the Birmingham Civil Rights Campaign and the American Civil Rights Movement.